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Oakland County
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Oakland County's population grew 10.2% between 1990 and 2000, while the state of Michigan grew 5.1%. 13.4% of all people employed in Michigan work in Oakland County. 38% of the Fortune 500 companies do business in Oakland County, and is Michigan's leading center for international commercial activity with 565 foreign-owned firms from 25 countries. More than 59,250 businesses and government agencies are located in the county, including 1/3 of Michigan's R&D firms. There are more than 89,000 acres of park land and 450 lakes. Year round recreation includes 3 downhill ski areas and 60 public golf courses.



General Data


DISTANCE MILES KM
Chicago 290 466
Cleveland 190 305
Detroit 20 32
Indianapolis 300 482
Lansing 70 112

 YEARS
POPULATION  
 1970  907,871
 1980  1,011,793
 1990  1,083,592
 2000  1,194,156
Source:Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data, 2000


WORKFORCE  
 LABOR 2000
 Total Workforce 697,150 
 Number Employed 681,725 
 Number Unemployed 15,425 
 Unemployment Rate 2.2 
Source:Michigan Employment Service Agency, 2000


CHARACTERISTICS OF LABOR FORCE  
 LABOR 1990
 Workers 16 years and over 546,636 
 Percentage who work outside of county 30.9% 
 Percentage who work at home 2.2% 
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population and Housing, 1990


EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENTS  
 CLASSIFACTION 1990
 Persons 25 years of age or older 717,210 
 Percentage with high school diploma 84.6% 
 Percentage with bachelor's degree 30.15% 
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population and Housing, 1990

TRANSPORTATION
ACCESS TO MARKETS
Main Highways I-275, I-96, I-696, I-75, US-10, M-102, M-15, M-59, M-159, M-24
Bus Lines Greyhound
Truck Lines 55
Rail Lines Chesapeake & Ohio; Grand Trunk Western
Ports Detroit (20 mi-Detroit River)
Airports Detroit Metro (Wayne Co.), Oakland International, Bishop Flint
Airlines American, Delta, Eastern, Northwest, Pan American, Piedmont, TWA, United, British Airways, USAir, Southwest
Source:Oakland County Planning & Economic Development Division 2001 


Economy




PERSONAL INCOME (In Thousands of Dollars)
Components by Type 1996 1997 1998 1999
Personal income 43,060,053 45,218,381 49,088,412 52,091,308
Nonfarm personal income 43,054,025 45,208,822 49,078,209 52,081,328
Farm income 6,028 9,559 10,203 9,980
Population (number of persons) 1,161,550 1,170,051 1,175,057 1,179,978
Per capita personal income (dollars) 37,071 38,647 41,775 44,146
Components by Industry 1996 1997 1998 1999
Farm Earnings 6,028 9,559 10,203 9,980
Non-Farm Earnings 33,068,048 35,228,951 38,920,248 41,404,250
Private Earnings 30,791,847 32,829,872 36,472,536 38,846,573
Ag. serv., forestry, fishing, and other 144,147 162,275 176,974 189,297
Mining 21,696 23,173 25,650 23,235
Construction 1,755,066 1,913,093 2,126,408 2,312,270
Manufacturing 7,980,062 8,320,417 9,374,679 9,673,773
   Durable goods 6,931,241 7,229,340 8,098,266 8,154,273
Transportation and public utilities 1,199,518 1,200,643 1,239,088 1,296,796
Wholesale trade 3,149,344 3,397,992 3,758,217 3,966,069
Retail trade 2,676,932 2,877,723 3,022,489 3,237,681
Finance, insurance, and real estate 2,954,714 3,052,313 3,402,861 3,565,509
Services 10,910,368 11,882,243 13,346,170 14,581,943
Government and government enterprises 2,276,201 2,399,079 2,447,712 2,557,677
   Federal, civilian 281,710 285,220 302,857 325,052
   Military 32,139 31,167 30,043 31,334
   State and local 1,962,352 2,082,692 2,114,812 2,201,291
Source:Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce, Issued May 2001


EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY (Number of Jobs)
Components by Type 1996 1997 1998 1999
Total Employment 861,837 885,304 920,594 949,565
Wage and Salary Employment 742,721 767,564 798,443 823,872
Proprietor's employment 119,116 117,740 122,151 125,693
Farm Employment 957 953 915 964
Non-Farm Employment 860,880 884,351 919,679 948,601
Components by Industry 1996 1997 1998 1999
Private 805,109 827,866 861,598 889,934
   Ag. serv., forestry, fishing, and other 7,260 7,424 7,603 7,684
   Mining 1,122 1,248 1,277 1,182
   Construction 40,142 42,931 44,625 46,348
   Manufacturing 120,915 122,685 127,826 135,611
   Transportation and public utilities 23,095 24,190 24,845 23,999
   Wholesale trade 55,705 57,783 60,814 61,441
   Retail trade 144,920 146,319 144,075 148,162
   Finance, insurance, and real estate 92,026 88,698 94,810 97,653
   Services 319,924 336,588 355,723 367,854
Government and government enterprises 55,771 56,485 58,081 58,667
   Federal, civilian 5,047 4,931 5,269 5,407
   Military 2,646 2,525 2,349 2,335
   State and local 48,078 49,029 50,463 50,925
Source:Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Labor, Issued May 2001

EARNING LEVELS/LABOR RATES AVERAGE HOURLY RATES
CLASSIFICATION MINIMUM* MAXIMUM
Applications Software Specialist 7.75 15.00
Assembler - Light 4.75 8.50
Drafter (CAD) 7.00 14.75
Electrician - Industrial 8.00 15.50
Electronic Technician 7.75 14.00
Forklift Operator 5.25 10.25
General Office Clerk 4.50 8.50
General Laborer 5.00 9.25
Injection Molding Machinist 5.25 9.50
Machine Operator 5.50 9.75
Machinist 6.75 12.50
Mechanical Engineer 14.25 25.00
Production Manager/Supervisor 8.00 15.75
Quality Control Technician 8.25 15.00
Sales - Non-Technical 7.00 12.50
Secretary 5.25 12.00
Tool and Die Maker 8.25 16.50
Word Processor/Typist 5.00 11.50
Source: 1996 Survey of the Michigan Employment Security Commission
*This survey was done in 1996, before the hourly minimum wage was increased to $5.15 in September 1997.

PRINCIPLE EMPLOYERS
MANUFACTURING EMPLOYERS
SIC FIRM LOCATION EMPLOYEES PRODUCT
3711 Chrysler Technology Center Auburn Hills 7,000 Minivan, sm & lg car eng & prd
3711 General Motors Corp Lake Orion 4,600 Automobile assembling
3713 General Motors Corp Pontiac 4,000 Truck assembly
8734 General Motors Corp Milford 4,000 Testing, research & dvlpt: autos
3711 Ford Motor Co Wixom 3,700 Automobile assembly
3711 Chrysler Corp Auburn Hills 3,000 Automobile & truck assemblies
3713 General Motors Corp Pontiac 2,000 Trucks & parts
3714 ITT Automotive Inc Auburn Hills 1,500 Brake systs, auto body hdwe
3441 General Motors Corp Troy 1,200 Structural metal fabr & eng
3679 Jabil Circuit Inc Auburn Hills 1,200 Circuit boards & harness assem
3089 Cadillac Products Inc Troy 1,000 Plastic auto prdts, thermoform
3699 Fanuc Robotics North America Rochester Hills 1,000 Robotics, vision, offline progr
3714 Meritor Automotive Inc Troy 1,000 Truck axles, clutches, trans,etc
3559 Progressive Tool & Industries Southfield 900 Spec mach, tooling, & robotics
3714 General Motors Corp Pontiac 800 Automotive components
3679 Eaton Corp Rochester 775 Automotive electromechanical
3494 Mac Valves Inc Wixom 750 Air control valves
8731 B A S F Corp Southfield 700 Research & dvlpt lab; coatings
3366 Federal-Mogul Corp Detroit 700 Bushings, antifriction bearings
8731 Du Pont Automotive Troy 650 Research & dvlpt: polymers
Source: Harris Publishing Company, 1998 Industrial Directory

OTHER MJAOR EMPLOYERS
SIC FIRM LOCATION EMPLOYEES PRODUCT
8062 William Beaumont Hospital Royal Oak & Troy 9,887 Health care
9100 U.S. Government Multiple 4,569 Various federal government offices
8734 DaimlerChrysler AG Auburn Hills 22,388 Testing labs & headquarters
7389 General Motors Corporation Milford 25,966 Testing labs
9111 County of Oakland Pontiac 3,591 Executive offices
8062 St. John Health System Multiple 4366 Health care
7373 Electronic Data Systems Troy 9,300 Information technology services
8062 Mercy Health Services Pontiac 4,059

Health care

4813

Ameritch-Michigan

Multiple

5,570

Telecommunications

6324

Blue Cross Blue Shield of MI

Multiple

3,591

Nonprofit prepaid  health-care insurance plans

Source: Local County Economic Development Contact



NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS
Type of Service 1999
Total 41811
    Forestry, fishing, hunting, and agriculture support 40
    Mining 25
    Utilities 22
    Construction 3953
    Manufacturing 2319
      Food mfg 76
      Beverage & tobacco product mfg 2
      Textile mills 15
      Textile product mills 23
      Apparel manufacturing 32
      Leather & allied product mfg 5
      Wood product mfg 33
      Paper mfg 13
      Printing & related support activities 258
      Petroleum & coal products mfg 7
      Chemical mfg 64
      Plastics & rubber products mfg 114
      Nonmetallic mineral product mfg 63
      Primary metal mfg 31
      Fabricated metal product mfg 519
      Machinery mfg 456
      Computer & electronic product mfg 112
      Electrical equip, appliance & component mfg 67
      Transportation equipment mfg 163
      Furniture & related product mfg 73
      Miscellaneous mfg 193
    Wholesale trade 3455
    Retail trade 5608
    Transportation & warehousing 473
    Information 869
      Publishing industries 172
      Motion picture & sound recording industries 150
      Broadcasting & telecommunications 316
      Information & data processing services 231
    Finance & insurance 2728
    Real estate & rental & leasing 1876
    Professional, scientific & technical services 6058
    Management of companies & enterprises 407
    Admin, support, waste mgt, remediation services 2592
    Educational services 388
    Health care and social assistance 4210
    Arts, entertainment & recreation 504
    Accommodation & food services 2420
    Other services (except public administration) 3287
    Auxiliaries (exc corporate, subsidiary & regional mgt) 106
    Unclassified establishments 471
Source:U.S. Department of Commerce and Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns, Issued May 2001


Quality of Life


EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES
PUBLIC SCHOOL DISTRICT INFORMATION
COMMUNITY SCHOOL DISTRICT STUDENTS INSTRUCTORS HIGH SCHOOLS
Auburn Hills Avondale School District 3,100 185 1
Berkley Berkley School District 4,420 232 1
Birmingham Birmingham Public Schools 7,327 549 2
Bloomfield Hills Bloomfield Hills Public Schools 5,648 445 3
Clarkston Clarkston Community Schools 5,617 290 1
Clawson Clawson School District 1,950 117 1
Farmington Farmington Public Schools 11,314 749 3
Ferndale Ferndale School District 4,822 320 1
Hazel Park Hazel Park Public Schools 6,723 320 1
Highland Huron Valley Schools 10,116 400 2
Holly Holly Area Schools 4,285 208 1
Lake Orion Lake Orion Community Schools 4,672 269 1
Livonia Clarenceville Schools 1,712 104 1
Madison Heights Madison District Public Schools 3,210 132 1
Madison Heights Lamphere Schools 2,426 152 1
Novi Novi Community Schools 4,471 284 1
Oak Park Oak Park Public Schools 3,100 209 1
Ortonville Brandon Schools 3,111 147 1
Oxford Oxford Community Schools 2,668 140 1
Pontiac Pontiac School District 13,253 900 2
Rochester Rochester Community Schools 11,903 713 2
Royal Oak Royal Oak Public Schools 8,844 524 2
South Lyon South Lyon Community Schools 4,612 230 1
Southfield Southfield Public Schools 9,060 510 2
Troy Troy School District 11,590 702 2
Walled Lake Walled Lake Comm Schools 11,539 705 2
Waterford Waterford School District 11,480 600 2
West Bloomfield West Bloomfield School District 5,273 333 1
Source: MI Department of Education, 1997

TWO YEAR COLLEGES AND TECHNICAL SCHOOLS
NAME LOCATION ENROLLMENT
Oakland Community College Bloomfield Hills 32,062
Central Bible College-Detroit Farmington Hills 60

FOUR YEAR COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES
NAME LOCATION ENROLLMENT
William Tyndale College Farmington Hills 500
Walsh College of Accountancy and Troy 3,887
SS Cyril and Methodius Secondary Orchard Lake 94
St. Mary's College Orchard Lake 291
Lawrence Technological University Southfield 4,503
Oakland University Rochester 42,500
Michigan Christian College Rochester Hills 400
Cranbrook Academy of Art Bloomfield Hills 60
Baker College of Auburn Hills Auburn Hills 435
Central Bible College - Detroit Farmington Hills 60
Siena Heights College Southfield 725
Midwest Baptist College
Source: MI Department of Education, 1996

MEDICAL FACILITIES
TYPE OF FACILITY # IN COUNTY # OF BEDS
Hospitals 13 3,576
Source: MI Department of Consumer and Industry Services, 1998

HOUSING (1990)  
OWNER OCCUPIED MEDIAN VALUE RENTER OCCUPIED MEDIAN RENT
298,377  $95,400  112,111  $495 
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population and Housing, 1990

CLIMATE
MONTH AVG. MIN TEMP AVG. MAX TEMP.
January 15F./-9C. 30F./-1C.
July 61F./16C 84F./29C.
PRECIPITATION RAINFALL SNOWFALL
Average Annual 29in./74cm. 35in./89cm.
GROWING SEASON DAYS ABOVE 90F/32C DAYS BELOW 0F/-18C
163 11 7
Source: NOAA Climate Summary, 1995

RECREATION
COUNTY HIGHLIGHTS
  • Michigan Renaissance Festival; Arts and Apples Art Fair, Detroit Zoological park; 8 museums including: Crandbrook Academy of Art, Cranbrook Institute of Science, Chrysler Automotive Museum, and the Jewish Memorial Holocaust Museum; . 
  •  89,000 acres of park land, 450+ lakes; Huron-Clinton Metro Parks; Bald Mountain, Highland, Pontiac Lake and Proud Lake Recreation Areas; Alpine Valley, Pine Knob and Holly ski areas; Dodge Bros. No. 4 State Park; 60 public & 30 private golf courses; U.S. Open PGA Tournament and Ryder Cup (Oakland Hills Country Club)  
  • Entertainment and Sports venues such as: DTE Energy Music Theatre, Pontiac Silverdome (home of Detroit Lions NFL team), Palace of Auburn Hills (home of Detroit Pistons NBA team), Hazel Park Raceway; Meadow Brook Hall; Woodward Dream Cruise;  Major Shopping venues including: Great Lakes Crossing and the Sommerset Collection.
Source: Local County Economic Development Contact


Municipal Services


UTILITIES
COMMUNITY ELECTRIC GAS
Springfield, Groveland, Rose, Holly Consumers Power Consumers Power
Novi, Avon, Bloomfield, Brandon, Commerce, Groveland, Detroit Edison Consumers Power
Independence, Addison, Milford, White Lake, Oakland, Orion,    
Pontiac, Rose, Royal Oak, Southfield, Springfield, Waterford,    
West Bloomfield, Lyon    
Source: Local County Economic Development Contact

TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Local Phone Companies Ameritech, GTE
Long Distance Companies AT&T, MCI, Sprint, and others
Source: Local County Economic Development Contact

LICENSED LANDFILLS
COMMUNITY OWNER/MANAGER
Orion Weber Sand and Gravel
Pontiac Wayne Disposal-Oakland, Inc.
Pontiac City of Pontiac
Source: MDEQ Waste Management Division, 1998

PROPERTY TAX (1997)  
Agriculture Comercial Industrial Residential Other
0.30%  21.92%  10.66%  66.80%  0.33% 
Source:MI Department of Treasury, 1997

GOVERNMENT
COMMUNITY PHONE NUMBER COMMUNITY PHONE NUMBER
Addison Twp (248) 628-3317 Auburn Hills (City of) (248) 370-9400
Berkley (City of) (248) 546-2410 Beverly Hills (City of) (248) 646-6404
Bingham Farms (248) 644-0044 Birmingham (City of) (248) 644-1800
Bloomfield Charter Twp (248) 433-7700 Bloomfield Hills (248) 644-1520
Brandon Charter Twp (248) 627-2851 Clarkston (248) 625-1559
Clawson (City of) (248) 435-4500 Commerce Charter Twp (248) 624-0110
Farmington (City of) (248) 474-5500 Farmington Hills (City of) (248) 474-6115
Ferndale (City of) (248) 546-2360 Franklin (248) 626-9666
Groveland Twp (248) 634-4152 Hazel Park (City of) (248) 546-4064
Highland Charter Twp (248) 887-3791 Holly Twp (248) 634-9331
Holly Village (248) 634-9571 Huntington Woods (City (248) 541-4300
Independence Charter Twp (248) 625-5111 Keego Harbor (248) 682-1930
Lake Angelus (248) 335-5396 Lake Orion (248) 693-8391
Lathrup Village (248) 557-2600 Leonard (Village of) (248) 628-7380
Lyon Charter Twp (248) 437-2240 Madison Heights (City of) (248) 588-1200
Milford Charter Twp (248) 685-8731 Milford Village (248) 684-1515
Northville (248) 349-1300 Novi (City of) (248) 347-0460
Novi Twp (248) 348-0365 Oak Park (City of) (248) 691-7400
Oakland Charter Twp (248) 651-4440 Orchard Lake Village (248) 682-2400
Orion Charter Twp (248) 391-0304 Ortonville (248) 627-4976
Oxford Twp (248) 628-9787 Oxford Village (248) 628-2543
Pleasant  Ridge (248) 541-2900 Pontiac (City of) (248) 857-7601
Rochester (City of) (248) 651-9061 Rochester Hills (City of) (248) 656-4600
Rose Twp (248) 634-8701 Royal Oak (City of) (248) 246-3000
Royal Oak Charter Twp (248) 547-9800 South Lyon (City of) (248) 437-1735
Southfield (City of) (248) 354-1000 Southfield Twp (248) 540-3420
Springfield Twp (248) 634-3111 Sylvan Lake (248) 682-1440
Troy (City of) (248) 524-3300 Walled Lake (City of) (248) 624-4847
Waterford Charter Twp (248) 674-3111 W. Bloomfield Charter Twp (248) 451-4800
White Lake Charter Twp (248) 698-3300 Wixom (City of) (248) 624-4557
Wolverine Lake (248) 624-1710

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CONTACT
Business: Oakland County Development and Planning Division
Address: Executive Office Building
1200 North Telegraph, Department 412
Pontiac, MI 48341-0412
Phone: (248) 858-0720
Fax: (248) 975-9555
www.co.oakland.mi.us/c_serv/ced
Source: Local County Economic Development Contact

 
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